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Object Type: Folder
In Folder: Digital Library and Archives

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Grit is a temperance journal founded and edited by Rev R.B.S. Hammond, Rector of St Barnabas Broadway and president of the NSW Temperance Alliance.



Stuart and Rachel Watt were CMS missionaries in East Africa between 1885 and 1914. Their daughter Eva produced these lantern slides, which she named "In the heart of savagedom" - a title reflecting the attitudes of the time. The slides may have been designed to accompany Rachel's book of the same name.

These finding aids have been prepared over the past few decades and have been digitised for reference purposes. To search across all of the collections in the Samuel Marsden Archives go to the "" Archives Catalogue

Mary Maria Andrews was born at Dry Plain Station (near Cooma, NSW) in 1915 to Albert and Ann Andrews. She underwent training as a General Nurse at Gladesville Mental Hospital from 1933-1935, studied at Sydney Missionary and Bible College from 1935-6 and was a resident at Deaconess house from 1937-8 at the recommendation of the Church Missionary Society of Australia (CMS), to which she had applied as a missionary to China in 1937. Sailing to China in September 1938, she engaged in language learning at the College of Chinese Studies in Peiping (which was under Japanese occupation at the time) and later in Lin Hai, where she performed missionary work until she was forced to leave in late 1943 in fear of Japanese troops. She worked in Lahore, India, during 1944, and returned to Australia on furlough in 1946, during which time she was 'set apart' as a Deaconess. She returned to China in June 1947, working as a missionary in Shaohsing until she was forced to leave due to pressure from the Communist government in 1951. She began work as the Principal of Deaconess House in 1951, and was commissioned as Head Deaconess in the Diocese of Sydney in early 1952. She held the position until her reluctant retirement in 1975. She then took on the role of part-time chaplain to three retirement villages - Goodwin Village, Woollahra (where she also resided); Elizabeth Lodge, Kings Cross, and St John's Village, Glebe. In 1980 she was made a Member of the Order of Australia (AM) for her Services to Religion. Late in her life she was fiercely in favour of the ordination of women as priests, and was a member of the Movement for the Ordination of Women (MOW). She died on the 16th of October 1996, a few weeks after the 50th anniversary of her 'setting apart' as a Deaconess. This collection contains audio recordings made by Mary Andrews

 Nathaniel Jones was born in Shropshire in 1861, was educated at Oxford and ordained in 1886. In 1887 he emigrated to Melbourne and worked in churches in Port Arlington and Tarnagulla. From 1894-1897 Jones served as Principal of Perry Hall, a theological college in Bendigo, then moved to Sydney in 1897 to become Principal of Moore Theological College. He held this position until his death in 1911.

These interviews were conducted by Dr Stuart Piggin, Dr Robert D. Linder and Margaret Lamb, thanks to a research grant from the University of Wollongong. The cassettes were held by the Centre for the Study of Australian Christianity, and subsequently the Australian Christian Heritage Foundation.


Peter Jensen was born in Sydney and completed the Licentiate of Theology at Moore College. He also has an MA from Sydney University, a Bachelor of Divinity from the University of London and in 1979 he completed a PhD from Oxford University. After his ordination in 1970 he served as curate at St Barnabas' Church, Broadway. From 1973-1976 and 1980-1984 he lectured at Moore College. He was Principal of the College from 1985-2001, when he was consecrated Archbishop of Sydney. He held this post until his retirement in 2013. He is the author of 'At the heart of the universe' (1991) and 'The revelation of God' (2002).

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